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Contents
5

Foreword
7

Presentation
9

Introducción
11

PART I
12

Volcanoes. From Myth to Science
14

Volcanology. The Earth´s Heartbeat
15

Eruptions y eruptions
18

The Canaries Archipelago. Seven Islands that rose from the Bottom of the Sea
25

The Canaries Archipelago. Seven Islands that rose from the Bottom of the Sea
25

How Tenerife was Formed. From Three Islands to One
32

The Geological Domains of Tenerife
35

First Constructive Phase: Thee Anaga, Teno and Roque del Conde Massifs
37

Volcanism migrates to the Center: The Las Cañadas Edifices appear
39

Remants of an Old Dorsal Edifice
42

Formation of the Las Cañadas Caldera
43

Post-Caldera Volcanism in Las Cañadas: The Teide-Pico Viejo Complex and its Pheripheral Volcanoes
44

Recent Eruptions at the Rift Axes
47

Historic Eruptions in the Canary Islands
48

PART II Teide National Park
52

Teide National Park. Volcanology as Never Seen Before
54

Teide National Park. Volcanology as Never Seen Before
54

Large Volcanoes. The Park´s Geology
59

Construction and Destruction. A Constant in the Par´s Geology
60

Las Cañadas Wall
64

Las Cañadas Edifices. A Story that trascends the Park
65

Las Cañadas Calderas. The Last Major Destruction
79

Post-Caldera Eruptions. A Resurgence of Volcanism
84

Companions forTeide-Pico Viejo. Large Pheripheral Domatics Erupctions
99

Recent Eruptions at the Rift Axes. Volcanism taht Never Ceases
105

Historic Eruptions. A Permanent Threath
107

Volcanic Reliefs. Icons of the Landscape
114

Tenerife. A Typical Volcanic Island
115

PART III Routes
120

List of Routes
122

Route 1. A Day in the Park. Travelling by Road
126

Route 2. From El Portillo de la Villa to Riscos de La Fortaleza
138

Route 3. Arenas Negras Volcanoes
142

Route 4. Roques de García
146

Route 5. Las Siete Cañadas
150

Route 6. Montaña Blanca and Montaña Rajada
160

Route 7. Pico del Teide
164

Route 8. Chachorra and Pico Viejo Ascent
176

Route 9. Montaña Guajara Ascent
180

PART IV
182

Glossary of Geological and Volcanological Terms
184

Bibliography
192

Toponymic Index
198

General Index
202