Topo-Iberia is a multidimensional programme, with interrelated and interactive components and integration of results to establish a topography and 4D evolution model of our natural environment. Actions to be developed can be classified according to the domains or type of activity as:
The Methodological actions include experimental studies making use of seismic tecniques, deformation measurements by GPS/geodetics, magnetotellurics, gravimetric, magnetism and paleomagnetism and satelite imaging, etc. A very important aim is to obtain new data with unprecedented resolution and coverage (multi-instrumental pool IberArray), that complement the existing data sets, allowing an integrated analysis with the necessary resolution.
The marine environment (continental margins and neighbouring basins) will require the development and use of analytical systems and marine geological-geophysical techniques.
New methods and analytical and interpretation techniques as well as new analogical and numerical modelling of evolution will also be developed.
Regional actions will consist of studies of orogenic systems including foreland basins and continental margins in three areas: south, centre and north.
- In the south: the Betic-Rif and Atlas orogens, and the marine domains in-between: Alboran Sea and Gulf of Cadiz (Picasso initiative).
- In the centre: Meseta, Central system and Iberian system, including Catalan ranges and eastern basins.
- In the north: Pyrenean and Cantabrian ranges, including Duero and Ebro basins and Cantabrian and Galician margins.
Some studies should also include all three tematic areas, the entire Iberian Peninsula and depending on the aim of the study (litosferic deformation, mantle chareacterization) the surrounding areas such as north of Africa (in the case of the Alboran Basin) and/or south of France (in the case of the Pyrenees).
Thematic actions refer to studies of superficial processes and deep processes (at the lithosphere and mantle level), as well as environmental studies such as global change (interactions between tectonics, erosion, sedimentation and climate), natural resources and geological hazards.
Another action set includes the interaction of the crustal and litospheric structure (geometry), heat flow, mineralogic composition.
Finally, a third topic includes the development of a new generation of tools for analogic and numeric modelling which should constrain with higher precision the geological processes including a larger number of physical observables and conceptual elements.